Welcome to Santeria Sublime! This page showcases a variety of artwork featuring the Orishas, the Gods and Goddesses of Santeria. You'll also find a brief summary of each one.
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Oshun is a deity who is also known as Ochun or Oxum. She has been syncretized with the Catholic saint Our Lady of Charity, also referred to as La Virgin de la Caridad del Cobre.
This deity is associated with various aspects such as river waters, love, fertility, marriage, beauty, wealth, art and sensuality. Additionally, she is known for being generous, kind, desirable, ambitious, seductive, self-centered and flirtatious.
In the Yoruba religion, Oshun is associated with the abdominal area. If someone is experiencing issues in that area, seeking out Oshun's help is recommended. Women who desire to have children also ask for Oshun's aid, as it is believed that she grants the wishes of those who are deserving.
Oshun is believed to be the favored wife of Chango and the younger sister of Yemaya, although some versions of the story portray Yemaya as her mother. According to folktales, Obatala is her father.
Her feast day falls on September 8, and her associated color is yellow. Her day of the week is Saturday, and her associated number is five.
Oshun is often associated with a new crescent moon and Venus, according to Luisah Teish's Jambalaya-the Natural Woman's Book.
Altars dedicated to Oshun often include a mirror, a fan, a piece of coral, gold, copper, and a tortoiseshell comb. Offerings to Oshun may include honey cakes, pumpkins, and honey, among others things.
In Santería, Yemaya has been syncretized with Our Lady of Regla.
Yemaya, also known as Iemanja, is considered the mother of all living beings and has existed since the beginning of creation. It is believed that everything, including all the orishas, originated from her. Yemaya is revered as the protector of children and the mother of water, as well as the mother of all orishas.
She is the Goddess of seawaters. She represents maternity and womanhood. She is generous, kind and beautiful.
Her feast day is September 7, colors are blue, white and sometimes crystal, day of the week is Saturday, and number is seven.
Planets associated with Yemaya are full moon and Neptune.
She is the adopted mother of Chango, and older sister of Oshun. As mentioned above, she is sometimes depicted as Oshun's mother.
Her favorite foods are watermelon, sugar cane syrup, and cornmeal.
On New Year’s Eve, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, an innumerable amount of people, dressed in white, gather around Copacabana beach to pay homage to Yemaya. Offerings of flowers are thrown into the sea in hope that she will grant their requests for the upcoming year.
According to David St. Clair, Drum and Candle, Yemaya was the daughter of Obatala and Odudua- the black Adam and Eve. In addition to Yemaya, they had a son called Aganju. Yemaya and Aganju married each other and had a son called Orungan. As the son got older, his sexual feeling for his mother began to develop- similar to Freud’s Oedipus Complex. When the father was away, Orungan revealed his feelings to Yemaya. Shocked with Orungan’s revelation, she tried to run away. Unsuccessful in her attempt to escape, Orungan threw her on the ground and raped her.
Feeling disgusted and ashamed with what had transpired, Yemaya escaped to the jungle. With a growing belly, “she fell onto her back and from her breast came two streams of water, which quickly formed a great lake. Then her womb burst open and out came the hierarchy of Yoruba Orishas…she also gave birth to the sun and moon.”
She is known as the mother of everything. “Her name comes from Yeme, meaning mother, and Eja, meaning fish. Thus, she was the mother of all the fish and the mother of the waters.”
In Santeria, Obatala is associated with Our Lady of Mercy or Las Mercedes.
Obatala is the oldest of all orishas. Legend states that God sent Obatala to the planet Earth to create life and govern all.
He represents wisdom, peace, fatherhood, purity, generosity, sternness, and kindness.
He is the King of the White Cloth. This is due to him being dressed in impeccable white clothes.
He likes calmness, cleanliness and order. Although he loves his children, he demands respect and obedience.
Migene Gonzalez-Wippler, in her book, Santeria- The Religion, states that Obatala is, “the father of mankind and the messenger of Olofi”(God). In addition, he controls all thoughts, and is the owner of all heads.
According to Wikipedia, “Obatala is the creator of human bodies, which were brought to life by God’s breath.” He is the owner of all heads, and remains so until the person is initiated into the priesthood of a particular orisha.
There are different aspects of Obatala in which he is seen as female as well as male.
His feast day is September 24, color is white, day of the week is Sunday and number is eight.
Planet associated with Obatala is Jupiter.
One important feature connected to Obatala is a horsetail with a beaded handle.
His favorite foods are pears and coconut.
A recommendation from Luisah Teish concerning an altar for Obatala is to keep it in a high place.
Worshippers of Obatala strive to live an unblemished lifestyle.
In Santeria, Chango is synonymous with the Catholic Saint called Saint Barbara.
Of all the African orisha deities, he is considered the most popular. He is affiliated with fire, thunder, and lightning.
He represents courage, physical strength, vigor, power, and passion.
He carries a double-edged axe, which symbolizes swift and balanced justice.
Migene Gonzalez-Wippler depicts Chango as, "...an incorrigible woman chaser and a lover of food and dance."
Chango is the son of Obatala, and the adopted son of Yemaya. He has three wives-Oba, Oshun and Oya.
His feast day is December 4; colors are red and white; his day of the week is Friday; his number is six.
Planets associated with Chango are the Sun and Mars.
His favorite foods are apples, yams, corn, peppers, and bananas.
A recommendation from Luisah Teish is to purchase a double-headed axe or the symbol of Aries, the Ram. These items should be placed on your altar to represent Chango. She states that the," double-headed axe reminds us that life is a 'double-edged sword'…symbol of Aries reminds us of Chango's power."
Sometimes, Ellegua is associated with Nino de Atocha because of its childlike image.
He is considered one of the most important Orisha in the Santeria religion. Ceremonies conducted in Santeria begin and end with Ellegua. He is the ruler of all crossroads.
Ellegua symbol usually comes in the form of a cement head, a stone, a coconut, or a seashell. Cowrie shells are used to denote the eyes, nose, mouth, and sometimes, the ears.
His day of worship is Monday. Candles, sweets, rum and cigars are normally offered.
Ellegua's colors are red and black, number is three and, planet is Mercury.
In Santeria, Oya is synonymous with the Catholic Saint called Saint Teresa of Jesus.
Oya is a powerful deity who rules over storms and wind. She is seen as a symbol of strength, bravery, and guidance, and people often turn to her for protection during difficult times or for help in overcoming challenges and transitions. It is important to note that, like other gods, Oya has both positive and negative qualities.
In addition, she is the owner of the cemetery and is believed to guide souls to the afterlife.
Chango's first wife is also known for her control over fire, as well as her fierce warrior nature and sometimes aggressive behavior. She is often depicted holding a sword, which some believe she wields to remove obstacles and bring about change.
Her feast day is February 2; color is dark red, and her number is nine.
I hope you enjoyed the page on African Spiritual Art Orishas. If you want to read more about the orishas, please click the links below.
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